Displaying 1 - 20 of 20

The Role of Acetylcholine and Dopamine in Perception and Working Memory

Ahmad Al-Zughoul, Haas Scholar 2016 - 2017 : Cognitive Science and Molecular & Cell Biology

Visual working memory is a limited, short-term mental storage system that holds task-relevant visual information in mind and is important for visually guided behavior. Recent studies have suggested that visual working memory is closely linked to visual perception, implemented in overlapping brain regions and sharing similar brain circuitry. Ahmad’s research... Read More

The Mysteries of Criticism in Antebellum America's Sensationalistic Pop Culture

Meaghan Allen, Haas Scholar 2016 - 2017 : English major and Anthropology minor

In the 1850s, urban mystery novels explored the sensationalistic imagination of immigrants, aristocrats, and the poor that emerged from mass urbanization in sprawling cities such as Paris, London, and New York. Mixing mystery, vice, myth, and experience into one lurid and melodramatic extravaganza, these novels commented politically, socially, and culturally... Read More

Optogenetic Control in Freely Behaving Bats (Rousettus Aegyptiacus)

Justin Baik, Haas Scholar 2016 - 2017 : Physics

How does the brain convert sensory information to help us navigate around space? Spatial learning is what Justin believes to be the key in building the bridge between sensory input and navigation. The striatum, a region of the mammalian brain known to be crucial for spatial learning, will be deeply examined using the methods of optogenetics. In his project,... Read More

Freezing the Future: Oocyte Cryopreservation in Northern California

Allyn Benintendi, Haas Scholar 2016 - 2017 : Anthropology

In 2012, the experimental label was lifted from the social freezing and banking of oocytes (oocyte cryopreservation or egg freezing), an intense procedure allowing postponement of motherhood. Two years later, major Silicon Valley based tech companies introduced egg freezing in benefits packages — an addition mirroring mounting pressure in tech to hire women... Read More

Shifting Traditions: Perspectives of Saffron Farmers in the Khorasan Province of Iran on Climate Change and Technological Development

Helia Bidad, Haas Scholar 2016 - 2017 : Society & Environment major and Geospatial Information Science & Technology minor

Ninety percent of the world’s saffron is grown in Iran and 90% of saffron in Iran is grown in the Khorasan Province. Saffron production as a traditional farming system is developing in its relationship with climate change and with the spread of technology into agriculture. Understanding how farmers view and interact with these developments is important in understanding... Read More

Metabolite Production by Interspecies Interactions in Actinomycetes and Root Nodule Bacteria

Victor Chen, Haas Scholar 2016 - 2017 : Microbial Biology

Actinomycetes, filamentous soil bacteria, have been the single richest source of medicinally relevant natural products, whose applications include anticancer agents, antifungal agents and antibiotics. However, actinomycetes still hold great potential for novel metabolite discovery. This is because the way they are typically grown in the laboratory fails to... Read More

Across Three Oceans: Shipwrecks as Early Moden Globalism

Ramon de Santiago, Haas Scholar 2016 - 2017 : Art History and Art Practice

Objects in museums are typically categorized by chronology and geography and then further sorted into subcategories revolving around cultures, languages, and materials. Born of the legacies of imperialism and colonialism, these practices tend towards a flattening of categories and the fixing of objects into rigid structures of European and “Other.” But what... Read More

Uncoupling Pyroptosis from Cell Lysis

Lucian DiPeso, Haas Scholar 2016 - 2017 : Molecular & Cell Biology

Pyroptosis is a poorly understood mode of “cell suicide,” one that functions as an alarm bell for the body’s immune system in response to infection. Though beneficial when properly regulated, the rapid immune response triggered by pyroptosis can, itself, produce disease and dysfunction. Pyroptosis has been identified as a possible contributor to... Read More

From Steel Mills to Steel Bars: Historicizing the Carceral State in Deindustrialized Rust Belt America

Chance Grable, Haas Scholar 2016 - 2017 : History

Since the 1970’s, two simultaneous processes of mass incarceration and deindustrialization have transformed the US into a postindustrial society with the largest incarceration system globally. Chance’s research will explore the intertwined history of these two processes through a close study of the prison siting in Youngstown, Ohio, an extreme example of... Read More

Decoding the “Fah Flor”: Archeological Discovery and the De-Mystification of a Lost Metaphor in Beowufl

Olivia Graves, Haas Scholar 2016 - 2017 : English | Classical Civilizations

The dating and provenance of the Old English epic Beowulf have been topics of wide scholarly debate for the past two hundred years. Combining literary and archaeological research techniques constitutes one way of approaching this inquiry. Based on close readings, there is some evidence to suggest that the poet refers to a tessellated (mosaic) floor left over... Read More

Evading Dam-Nation: Land Use History of the Lower Cosumnes River Watershed, ca. 1820-2016

Michelaina Johnson, Haas Scholar 2016 - 2017 : History major, Conservation & Resource Studies and Spanish minor

The Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta today has a highly modified ecosystem due to historical human modification of the landscape for agriculture and development of the state’s water systems. Because Cosumnes River Preserve (CRP), established in 1985, has successfully conserved and restored thousands of acres of the Delta’s native habitats in a way that... Read More

ATP Release by Gram-Negative Bacteria and its Role in Cell Wall Remodeling

Danny Lee, Haas Scholar 2016 - 2017 : Microbial Biology | Public Health

Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is a high energy molecule considered the energy currency for all species. Our laboratory has discovered that bacteria release ATP into culture medium, a novel phenomenon (Mempin et al., 2013). However, it isn’t yet understood why this occurs. We hypothesize that extracellular ATP is needed for the conversion of D-amino acids and... Read More

Dying to Survive: Negotiating with Early Death and the Social Reproduction of Gang Violence

Jorge David Mancillas, Haas Scholar 2016 - 2017 : Sociology

Jorge-David Mancillas will be traveling to Los Angeles to conduct research on the effectiveness of gang intervention. In Los Angeles, the so-called “gang capital of the world”, more than half of the yearly homicides are gang-related. Homeboy Industries, a gang intervention program located in East Los Angeles, is the most successful gang intervention program... Read More

Perceptions of Historical Black College and University Prestige: Implications for Racial Stereotypes

Kimberly Martin, Haas Scholar 2016 - 2017 : Psychology major, Dance & Performance Studies minor

Many people assume that racism is a binary dimension whereby people are either racist or not. However, over forty years of research indicates that not only are there several distinctive forms of racism, but that they exist on a continuum. Recent trends have shown that while blatant forms of racism seem to be decreasing, there are indirect forms of racism now... Read More

Consumption and Perception of Sugar Sweetened Beverages and Tap Water Among Latinos/as in Kings County

Julian Ponce, Haas Scholar 2016 - 2017 : Public Health major, Public Policy minor

Drinking potable tap water has been associated with decreased consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). However, more than one million Californians primarily from low-income communities of color, lack access to potable water that meets all applicable health-based drinking water standards. Kings County, in the Central Valley, is an extreme case in... Read More

The Gender Wage Gap: A Moral or Economic Concern?

Nicole Rankin, Haas Scholar 2016 - 2017 : Sociology

With the rise of political controversy, it is vital to explore what shapes our strong convictions. Moral ideologies are often the foundation of political arguments, and gender differences within morality have been widely disputed. To grasp the complex intersection of gender, morality, and politics, Nicole seeks to examine how gender and political affiliation... Read More

Worst of the Worst: Changing the Prison Narrative

Clint Terrell, Haas Scholar 2016 - 2017 : English

There has been a great deal of research on autobiographical literature that feature Native American “captivity narratives,” and African American “slave narratives,” but there is a lack of scholarly work that discusses contemporary “prison narratives.” Clint will analyze autobiographies, specifically prison, slave, and captivity narratives for their themes of... Read More

Using Ethnobotanical Materials to Explore Native Californian Land Practices along the Santa Cruz Coast

Rosario Torres, Haas Scholar 2016 - 2017 : Anthropology

Rosario’s research will be speaking to the debate that abounds in California among archaeologists, ecologists, Native American scholars, and state and Federal agencies regarding the role that Native peoples played in shaping their environments. While some posit Native Californians were the ultimate eco-engineers, actively managing animal and plant communities, other... Read More

Seeds of Reconciliation: Seed Sovereignty as a Form of Reparation for Victims of War in Colombia

Juan Manuel Vélez, Haas Scholar 2016 - 2017 : Geography, Interdisciplinary Studies, and Society & Environment major, Global Poverty & Practice and Food Systems minor

Juan Manuel’s research seeks to understand how Colombian farmers have politicized their relationship with seeds. Some farmers consider recent state policies restricting seed-saving and seed-trading as a form of dispossession. Such policies have politicized their relationship with seeds regarding their control and preservation to protect their livelihoods,... Read More

Divergent Policies, Divergent Trajectories? The Impact of Established Political Systems on Oil and Gas Institutions in Ghana and Uganda

Itago Winnie, Haas Scholar 2016 - 2017 : Environmental Economics & Policy major, Global Poverty & Practice minor

Historically, oil exploration in Africa has brought the “resource curse”: countries with more abundant natural resources have poorer development outcomes, due to corruption and environmental degradation. Itago will compare new oil producers Ghana and Uganda—which share many similarities despite Uganda’s semi-authoritiarianism and Ghana’s greater democracy... Read More