Beyond Holding Up the Sky: Beijing Women in the Era of the Olympic Games

Lijia Xie : Interdisciplinary Studies Field

Mentor: Professor Geoffrey G. O’Brien, English

Based on Lijia's travels in China in summer 2008, she composed a collection of three chapters of prose poems intercut with verse as cultural narratives of gender, reanimated as myths of Chinese history and femininity situated onto an invented milieu, the neither/nor setting of contemporary China hosting a global event. The first chapter, (public airing), seeks deconstructed understandings of this setting beyond the partial, i.e. incomplete, privileged, and relentlessly deferred by emerging phenomena. The second chapter responds to a French feminist discourse on écriture féminine, particularly a fascination with how the gendered body affliates itself with particular forms of writing. The third chapter will serve as a glossary for touring the other chapters. This collection hopes to incorporate the reader into a transnational project of creating a feminine text, in which textual gaps mediate a readerly reworking of the text, sutured to the reader through endlessly permutating subject positions attending the text blocks.

Moral Responsibility and Determinism

Pei (Tony) Zhao : Philosophy

Mentor: Professor Jay Wallace, Philosophy

On one hand, determinism claims the necessity of physical laws, together with the state of the universe at any moment, entails that what happens next must happen. On the other hand, when a person acts wrongly and gets blamed for his action, we seem to presuppose that he could have acted differently. Does determinism, or the objective view of science in general, threaten the notion of moral responsibility? Is our practice of holding people responsible ultimately unjustifiable? Incompatibilists say yes; compatibilists say no. In the summer of 2008, Tony will dive right into the gripping debate between these two camps of thought, in the hope of offering some fresh insights on this age-old philosophical inquiry..

Establishment of a Sibling Donor Cord Blood Program in Iran

Shahrzad Abbassi-Rahbar : Molecular and Environmental Biology

Mentor: Professor Mark Tanouye, ESPM

Thalassemia is a disease common to 60 countries worldwide, with high prevalence in Middle Eastern countries. The Iranian population consists of many who exhibit the beta-thalassemia hemoglobinopathy, which reduces red blood cells’ ability to carry oxygen, and even more who are carriers of this life-threatening disease. In the past, most of the children born with beta-thalassemia failed to survive during the first decade of life. Medical advances have recognized that placental and umbilical cord blood of a newborn is a rich source of blood stem cells, which can replace the blood of a thalassemic sibling and cure him of the disease for life. In this clinical study, Shahrzad will survey and document the need for a sibling donor cord blood program in Tehran, Iran, evaluating the feasibility of establishing such a program.

Food, Medicine, Supplies, and Freedom

Javier Aros : Art Practice

Mentor: Professor Randy Hussong, Art Practice

America 2020, a creative vision of the political and social realities of the United States in the year 2020, will be an artistic presentation of Javier Aros. Utilizing room sculpture, six large silkscreen poster prints and assorted smaller prints, two wall paintings, ceramic busts, original flags and interactive “historical” documents and presentations, Javier will carefully design and create a future museum dedicated to the revolutionary and evolutionary events of the teen years of the 21st century. By thoroughly investigating and evaluating revolutionary methodology and methods -- from independence from non-renewable energy to economic reformation and political revolution -- Javier intends to illustrate through his art an intuitive, rational and applicable path through the political and cultural straits in which we find ourselves today.

Alternative Splicing and Fox Proteins in Zebrafish

Joshua Arribere : Molecular and Cell Biology / Mathematics

Mentor: Professor Sharon Amacher, Molecular and Cell Biology

Alternative splicing of pre-mRNA is critical to development and differentiation, allowing metazoans to generate a large amount of protein diversity from a single gene. Despite its importance, our understanding of the factors that influence this process is limited. The objective of Josh’s project is to investigate the role of the Fox family of proteins, which have been implicated as splicing regulators. Through experiments with zebrafish he will asses the effect that Fox has on a library of alternatively spliced exons in the hope of better understanding this protein family’s role. Hopefully his project will provide insight into the role of Fox and the alternative splicing events it controls, and possibly some insight into the mechanism any of a number of the genetic diseases caused by aberrant splicing.

Reframing Zen: An Analysis of Morita Shiryu's Japanese Avant Garde Calligraphy

Sabrina Carletti : History of Art

Mentor: Professor Gregory Levine, History of Art

Sabrina Carletti's project will inquire into Japanese postwar calligraphy within the Zen'ei bijutsu (avant-garde) movement while focusing on the calligraphy of Morita Shiry_ (1926-1999), who brought radical changes to calligraphy practice by leading the bokujin-kai, or the “Human Ink Society.” Sabrina intends to depart from the familiar “influence model” of Japanese and Western avant-gardes by arguing for a more complex understanding of “Zen” in Japanese modern calligraphy. Sabrina will travel to Japan to study works by Morita at the Museums of Modern Art, Tokyo and Kyoto, and to New York to observe works by Franz Kline and other Abstract Expressionist artists at the Museum of Modern Art. .

Manifestations of Native American Self-Determination in the 21st Century

Allene Cottier : Interdisciplinary Studies Field Program

Mentor: Professor Thomas Biolsi, Native American Studies

Allene Cottier will conduct a comparative study of the various interpretations of the terms “Sovereignty”, “Self-determination” and “Indigenous” in discussions of American Indian politics. These are critical terms in current discussions of social justice. She anticipates that there will be a fundamental fracture in the use and understanding of these terms among governments and the legal and policy establishments on the one hand, and grassroots Native American communities on the other hand. She will compare the use of these terms (and the meaning behind them), in international legal forums, U.S. Federal forums (including all three branches of government), tribal forums, and Native American communities. This project will move toward theorizing Indigenous Worldview in the 21st century by comparing different perceptions of language used in Indigenous rights claims.

Understanding Our Legacy: How the Free Speech Movement and Third World Liberation Front Affected Curricular Reform at UC Berkeley

Ziza Delgado : History

Mentor: Professor Ruth Rosen, History

My research analyzes the education reform that took place at UC Berkeley at the end of the 1960s to determine whether social movements such as the Free Speech Movement and Third World Liberation Front affected University curricula and pedagogy. Imperative to the research is a critical discussion of the power dynamic between students and the UC administration. I analyze the effect that the FSM had on curriculum reform, through the creation of a Free University and other experimental programs. The second component of my research looks at the historical context in which a student movement, the Third World Strike, established an Ethnic Studies Department at UC Berkeley that has lasted throughout the years. Crucial to this research is historicizing the different moment in which these movements occurred from 1964-69, and the influence that local, national, and international movements had on the students. This summer I had the opportunity the work with activists who participated in both movements, and who continue to fight for equality in many different arenas today. Using interviews, comparative archival research, and secondary sources I analyze the movement for education reform at UC Berkeley and the legacy it has left for students today.

The Politics of State-led Health Care Reform: 1974 to Present

Vi Do : Political Science/Economics

Mentor: Professor John Zysman, Political Science Project Description

Vi will investigate the nature of state led health care reform in America, focusing on the instrumental political actors that shape the debate. As federal level attempts to solve the problem of the uninsured have failed time and time again, policy innovations to address America's broken health care delivery system have emerged from the states. The two critical examples are Hawaii's Prepaid Health Care Act of 1974, which established an employer mandate for health insurance provision and Massachusetts's newest reform, Chapter 58 of the Acts of 2006, which introduced an unprecedented individual mandate for owning health insurance. Vi will travel to Hawaii and Boston to examine the political climate, actors, and conditions under which these two legislations were passed in hopes of understanding why some states initiate health care reforms while others opt for incrementalism or none at all.

'I Hope I'm Dead Before They Come Down This Way': Political Xenophobia in Small Town USA

René Flores : Interdisciplinary Studies Field Program

Mentor: Professor Irene Bloemraad, Sociology

Increasingly, Latino immigrants are steering away from large metropolitan areas, traditional immigration magnets, in favor of smaller, often rural communities. As Small Town USA is transformed by migration, the specter of xenophobia seems to lurk nearby. In recent months, dozens of towns have considered passing laws against undocumented immigrants ranging from criminalizing their labor (Escondido, CA) or penalizing their landlords (Hazleton, PA) to prohibiting their presence in public spaces (Springfield, TN). René will try to discover the factors that motivate the rise of xenophobic sentiments in small U.S. communities. He will spend the summer in Hazleton, Pennsylvania, a town that recently passed strict anti-immigrant legislation and even banned Santa Claus on the grounds that he is an “illegal worker.” In Hazleton, residents claim, there are “no holidays for illegal aliens.”

The Architecture of the Invisible: Women, Workers, and Water in the New Argentine Cinema

Nicole Gordon : Rhetoric/Film

Mentor: Professor Dale Carrico, Rhetoric

The placement of a woman’s body attests to the gender dynamics of a film, so how do recurring spatial settings figure female characters into the collective national imagination? To address this question Nicole will conduct a survey of contemporary women’s roles in American and Argentine national cinemas. She will approach this project through a phenomenological lens because phenomenology views the body as a mediated image through which actual historical and cultural expectations emerge. Nicole will assess twenty films made since 1995; she will include mainstream blockbusters that target domestic audiences and experimental films that are screened to international audiences at festivals. Nicole will travel to Argentina to interview Argentine filmmakers, critics, and professors to create a critical discussion where there is little as the sample is recent.

Philosophy, Creativity, and Spirituality: a Study of Puran Singh

Randeep Hothi : Philosophy

Mentor: Professor Hans Sluga, Philosophy

Morality, as a realm approached by philosophers to be captured by theory and grounded upon metaphysics, as the realm in which “the good” is discriminated from “the evil” or “the bad” by faculties of reason, is subverted by sublime gestures of the poet. These sublime gestures in the prose of Puran Singh have specifically subverted the ethical foundations of Brahmanism and Vedanta through the experience of the Sikh path. Randeep Singh’s research will delve into the Sikh experiences, in dialogue with the Western tradition of metaphysics, to provide some insights into the critique Puran Singh offers of the modernist philosophical idiom rooted in Enlightenment thought. In doing so, Randeep’s travels to Punjab will involve contact with the Punjabi and English prose left for us by Puran Singh.

'Apparently, they cannot bear the light': Privacy, Performance, and Propriety in Dutch Neighborhoods

Sirianand Jacobs : Anthropology

Mentor: Professor Cori Hayden, Anthropology

According to Franklin Becker, "the most functional buildings and environments can be highly symbolic, often in undesired and unexpected ways." Using the window as a symbol imbued with strong cross-cultural meanings, Sirianand intends to explore current tensions between native Dutch and Dutch-Moroccan immigrants through their use of visible domestic space. She believes that the striking differences between the ways in which Moroccan immigrants and the ethnic Dutch conceive of this boundary between the public and private spheres illuminate the different ways they view the world. She also believes that Moroccan immigrants are unintentionally communicating a strong symbolic message to the native Dutch through the use of seemingly innocuous window dressings. Sirianand will travel to the Netherlands this summer, conducting informal interviews with both native and immigrant Dutch residents, as well as observing and documenting features of the built environment in Holland's major cities.

Redefining the Battle of Chavez Ravine: The Quest for Public Housing in 1950's Los Angeles

Sabina Juneja Garcia : American Studies/History

Mentor: Professor Mark Brilliant, History and American Studies Program

Sabina will travel to Los Angeles to examine historical evidence of the communication between the citizen and the politician to control the shape of the physical landscape of Chavez Ravine. Chavez Ravine was once a thriving Mexican-American community removed for construction of a massive public-housing site yet today Chavez Ravine is home to Dodger Stadium. Using the papers of prominent politicians, Mayor Norris Poulson and City Councilman Edward Roybal, she will examine the campaign rhetoric employed by these candidates who were at odds on the issue of public-housing and the response from the community. The battle between the residents, the city, the state, the federal government and the building industries for control of Chavez Ravine influenced public-housing policy across the nation and shaped the political and physical landscape of Los Angeles.

The Armenians of Lebanon: Political Presence and Participation Since 1975

Khatchadour Khatchadourian : Middle Eastern Studies/Anthropology

Mentor: Professor Stephen Astourian, History

Khatchadour will travel to Beirut, Lebanon this summer to study Armenian and Lebanese community formation. By conducting interviews and implementing professionally administered surveys, he hopes to gain a more insightful understanding of how each community views itself in relation to the other. Khatchadour will also meet with community leaders and politicians to assess the impact of communal relations on local politics. By analyzing the political, economic, and socio-cultural frameworks the Armenian community employs to express its uniqueness, Khatchadour hopes to comprehend assimilation and community development in the Lebanese context.

The Secrets of the Heart: Love Directionality and Construct Integration

Alex Kogan : Psychology

Mentor: Datcher Keltner, Psychology

In the last thirty years, psychology has seen an explosion in research on love and interpersonal relationships. Much of the work, however, has focused on either mapping styles of love or the functionality of romantic love within the evolutionary and attachment traditions, leaving much of the terrain unexplored. Alex's research aims to go beyond the current models, encapsulated by three prime objectives: 1) establish the difference between "to love" and "to be loved"; 2) garner initial support for the love processor model, which attempts to unify and expand love outside the purely romantic realm; and 3) establish some of the personality, cultural, and situational factors which contribute to the vast differences individuals have in their definitions of love.

Controllable Synthesis of Cadmium Telluride Nanotetrapods

Yu Lei : Chemical Engineering, Materials Science (minor)

Mentor: Professor Paul Alivisatos, Chemistry Department

Nanocrystalline materials have shown promise in many applications, such as light-emitting diodes, solar cells, biomedicine, optoelectronics, etc. Shape-controlled nanocrystals are important because different geometries of nanocrystals possess various electronic properties which can be tailored to their application. In this project, Yu will conduct synthesis experiments of Cadmium Telluride (CdTe) by varying the amount of solvent. By analyzing nucleation kinetics in the synthesis of the CdTe, Yu hopes to develop a mechanistic explanation for crystal branching and increase the reproducibility of the tetrapods’ shape syntheses. Moreover, this approach to understanding CdTe tetrapods and their syntheses will contribute to an explanation of thermodynamic and kinetic effects on CdTe’s structure.

Bodies, Burials, and Black Cultural Politics: African American Funerals in the Civil Rights Movement

Keith Orejel : History

Keith will be traveling to Washington D.C. to do archival research at the Library of Congress and National Archives. He will be studying funerals in the Civil Rights-Black Power Era. Scholars of the Civil Rights and Black Power Eras often focus on the institutions and individuals who fueled the creation of these social movements, while ignoring the role of culture and cultural politics in this process. Keith will attempt to study funerals as a way to look at how existing cultural rituals become transformed in periods of African American politicization. Keith hopes to look at how these rituals became involved in the process of movement building and what they reflected about African American values and worldview.

Abrasive Reconciliation: Negotiating El Salvador’s Transition to Democracy

Spencer Orey : Anthropology

Mentor: Professor Lawrence Cohen, Anthropology

Spencer will travel to El Salvador this summer and conduct anthropological fieldwork focusing on the not-for-profit organization Pro-Búsqueda. Focusing primarily on reuniting children “disappeared” in the Salvadoran civil war with their biological families, workers at Pro-Búsqueda have not only helped to advocate processes of justice and repatriation but have also played an important role in lobbying for reparations legislation as well. Using ethnographic methods, Spencer will collect data through first-hand participant observation and interviews in order to examine the importance of finding and reuniting children in reconstructing civil society and engaging social trauma in El Salvador. Much work and scholarly literature has focused solely upon the immediate aftermath of the civil war conflict, and Spencer hopes that his fieldwork will provide a critical study of ongoing post-conflict social reconciliation.

Keys to the House

Samuel Pittman : Interdisciplinary Studies Field Program, Creative Writing and Disability Studies (minor)

Mentor: Professor Hertha Sweet Wong, English

In recent decades, artists and writers have created self-narrations that deliberately thwart the conventions of autobiography and question even the most contemporary conceptions of the self and self-representation. Inspired by these works, as his ISF honors thesis Sam will create an autobiographical installation entitled “Parthenogenesis,” a term meaning ‘asexual reproduction,’ which refers here to effectively creating oneself due to the difficulty of remembering one’s past in light of both having very few photographic mnemonics, as well as having faced numerous hardships during childhood which may have caused memory-blocks. In his ‘visual autobiography,’ Sam will write poems and short prose pieces, and will present these with childhood photographs, poems he wrote as a child, and current posed photographs to explore the divisions between image and text, poetry and prose, memory and fantasy.

Hands-on Utopia: the Architectural Appropriations of Rirkrit Tiravanija

Jordan Troeller : History of Art/Interdisciplinary Studies Field Program

Mentor: Professor Anne Wagner, History of Art

This History of Art thesis project will examine how the contemporary participatory art of Rirkrit Tiravanija overlaps with and departs from the work of Hélio Oiticica in 1960s Brazil. Rather than creating discrete objects, these artists engender interactive situations. Recently dubbed relational art, such installations involve the viewer in various social activities, such as cooking or dancing, thereby challenging the distinction between art and everyday life. While Oiticica's work emphasizes the relationship between participation and political agency, Tiravanija's art examines the interface between artifice and leisure activities. Examining the relationship between these two practices, Jordan will draw upon theories of the 'everyday', the aesthetics of relational art, and the politics of socially critical installation art, in addition to conducting research at the Palais de Tokyo (Paris) and at Documenta XII (Kassel, Germany).

Blankwall: A Poetic Interpretation of Interracial Modernity and the Harlem Renaissance

Chad Vogler : English, Creative Writing (minor)

Mentor: Professor Geoffrey O'Brien, English

Chad will travel to New York and New Haven to perform research on the unusual interracial collaborations and intercultural exchanges which occurred during the Harlem Renaissance, and this material will be used to compose a series of 25-30 poems. Inspired by recent critical discourses that redescribe modernism as a set of interracial dynamics, these poems will be composed from the perspective of a contemporary author imagining a bicultural past in modernity that potentially effaces the concreteness of the author’s racial identity through his anonymity as the poetic speaker. The primary aim of this project is to produce a poetry in which the racial identity of the author is neither emphasized nor omitted, and which enables the reader, regardless of ethnicity, to discover a previously unrecognized bicultural identity.

Life Makers: A Nonviolent Approach to Transnational Islamic Activism

Edina Bohanec : Sociology

Mentor: Professor Peter Evans, Sociology

Contemporary nonviolent movements of Muslim youth around the world are often neglected in the western media and deserve more scholarly attention. Emerging in the affluent urban centers of Egypt, “Life Makers” is an example of such a movement. The group was spearheaded nearly a decade ago by a charismatic and popular leader, Amr Khaled, through his television programs, lectures, tapes, and speeches. Edina will travel to Egypt this summer to look at ‘Life Makers’ development from a group of youth following Khaled’s teachings, to an international nongovernmental organization and now to its potential as a social movement seeking transformation of Egyptian society. While it is recognized that ‘Life Makers’ is clearly an organization that focuses on social reform and development of society, Edina will investigate to what extent this goal of transformation implies political and economic change.

Uptake of 5-Methyltetrahydrofolate and Folic Acid by Mature Red Blood Cells

Nika Cyrus : Chemistry

Mentor: Professor Fernando Viteri, Nutritional Science and Toxicology

Folate deficiency still remains as the primary culprit for childhood mortality, and a major cause of atherosclerosis and cancer. Yet, we lack a precise method for determination of the long-term folate status of patients. The objective of Nika’s project is to develop a more accurate method of quantifying long-term folate status through elucidation of Red Cell Folate kinetics. It is assumed that Red Cell folate (RCF) remains constant in the circulation; nevertheless, erythrocytes are capable of specific uptake of folate, suggesting that RCF is dynamic. Nika will perform experiments in order to develop a kinetic model that incorporates this “dynamic” nature of RCF. The model will be validated by collaborative clinical studies in Mexico. Hopefully, through this exciting collaboration, the results of this research may extend beyond national boundaries and give rise to more accurate methods for quantifying folate status.

The Managed Family: An Examination of the Role of the Military Family in the Institution

Mai-Ling Garcia : Sociology

Mentor: Professor Martin Sanchez-Jankowski, Sociology

The family is often considered a primary source of emotional support and an institutional constant amidst every day challenges. For military personnel, the circumstances of every day life are more unpredictable, more dangerous, and further complicated by the intensive debate surrounding military duties and functions. Military families are intimately intertwined with the institution, but are not bound to the military in the same fashion as its personnel. What is the role of families in the military? This summer, Mai-Ling will conduct ethnographic research at the Marine Corps Base in Twentynine Palms, California, to investigate how military families manage themselves and how the military manages families within the institution. By interviewing Marine Corps wives and personnel she will investigate both the perceived and expected roles of families, and attempt to discover the actual nature of their relationship with the military.

Palatial Architecture and the Mitanni Mode of Governance: a Cross-Comparative Analysis of Administrative Centers from Tell Brak, Alalakh, and Nuzi

Matthew Gracia : Near Eastern Studies

Mentor: Professor Marian Feldman, Near Eastern Studies

Matthew hopes to contribute to discussion within scholarship of the Ancient Near East on the study of the Mitanni state, a polity in Upper Mesopotamia that attained international power during the second millennium BCE. He proposes to elucidate one, fairly restricted aspect of the larger question regarding the Mitannian system of governance by comparing recently published information on palatial administrative architecture from a site in the Mitanni heartland, Tell Brak, with the much more extensively documented peripheral sites of Alalakh and Nuzi. Through this cross-comparative study of the three administrative buildings, Matthew proposes to hypothesize potential connections between use of space and structure of empire, and conclude whether the architecture in the periphery was used in the same way, and by the same people, as the Brak administrative center, which can be securely situated in a quintessentially Mitanni framework.

Influences of Early Acoustic Experience on Sensory Perception

Yoon Han : Computer Science

Mentor: Professor Shaowen Bao, Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute

As part of Professor Shaowen Bao’s lab, Yoon will expand our understanding of the influence of sensory input on information processing during an epoch of early development known as the “critical period”. At the behavioral level, he will investigate how early experience of single-frequency tone pips influences frequency discrimination ability in rats. At the physiological level, he will examine the auditory cortex (A1) of tone-exposed rats to extract response properties of the cortical neurons, such as the characteristic frequency, spontaneous firing rate, maximum firing rate, and tuning bandwidth. At the systems level, he will simulate the auditory cortex with a population of model neurons using computational methods with previously extracted properties. By creating a model of the perceptual discrimination process, Yoon will investigate how repeated exposures to a sound influence perception discrimination of acoustically similar sounds.

Positional Cloning of the Grinch Mutation in Xenopus Tropicalis

Dang Lam : Molecular and Cell Biology

Mentor: Professor Richard Harland, Molecular and Cell Biology

Under the guidance of Dr. Richard Harland and two postdoctoral fellows, Dr. Timothy Grammer and Dr. Mustafa Khokha, Dang will study the novel grinch mutation that affects the lymphatic system of the frog Xenopus tropicalis. Like humans, frogs have a lymphatic system which drains fluids from tissues back to the bloodstream. The lymphatic system influences the course of many human diseases, from lymphedema to tumor metastasis; and currently little is known about the molecular basis of lymphatic development. Dang’s efforts will ultimately result in the characterization and identification of the mutated gene, which will contribute to our understanding of the amphibian lymphatic system and possibly that of humans.

Transitional Justice, Cultural Memory, and Post Colonial Consciousness in Post Khmer Rouge Cambodia

Sun Lee : Interdisciplinary Studies Field

Mentor: Professor David Cohen, Rhetoric and Classics

Sun's project examines how cultural memory and postcolonial consciousness have shaped the notion of justice and reconciliation in post-Khmer Rouge Cambodia. While the newly-established Special Court aims to establish international criminal justice 31 years after the tragic events, whether such justice can redress historical wrongs and bring about reconciliation remains questionable. Therefore an inquiry into the Cambodian social and political imagination, ideological development and notions of national identity and culture becomes appropriate. Through interviews, observations and review of historical evidence, Sun will unearth the non-dominant voice and seek to understand the sentiment regarding the nation's history of foreign occupation and colonial subjection. The hope is that this research would not only be significant in shaping Cambodia's memory of its past and future, but that it would elicit informed decisions and creative mechanisms to aid nations arising from violent pasts.

Role of the DSB System in the Antimicrobial Resistance of Salmonella

Jihoon Lim : Molecular and Cell Biology

Mentor: Professor Sangwei Lu, Public Health

Salmonella typhimurium (S. typhimurium) is one of the leading causes of foodborne illnesses and mortalities. A major factor behind its virulence is its ability to survive well in the presence of hydrogen peroxide generated by macrophages through respiratory burst. Previous research has shown dsbD mutants of S. typhimurium to be more susceptible to hydrogen peroxide. DsbD works in conjunction with dsbA, B, and C in maintaining periplasmic disulfide bonds. More specifically, dsbD catalyzes the isomerase activity of dsbC by reducing it. DsbA and B help form disulfide bonds by oxidizing thiols. Jihoon will further investigate the role of dsbA, B, and C, and how it confers more resistance of S. typhimurium to hydrogen peroxide. From this research, he hopes to conduct quality senior honors research that will ultimately decrease the number of foodborne illnesses caused by S. typhimurium.

Richmond's "State of Emergency"

Dashal Moore : Ethnic Studies

Mentor: Professor Victoria Robinson, Ethnic Studies

Dashal’s project will use a recent debate in the Richmond City Council over the proposal to declare a “State of Emergency” as a focus for questions dealing with violence and politics in the deindustrialized and racialized American landscape. She will investigate how violence and crisis are constructed in various discourses, and how those understandings are deployed in governance. Although the State of Emergency was purportedly proposed in response to a spike in homicide rates, Dashal believes it actually stemmed from a more hidden and deep crisis. In the context of the neoliberal retrenchment of state services and the general financial crisis in deindustrialized municipalities, racialized minorities are increasingly portrayed as dangerous to society, thus providing a rationale for their differential treatment by the law. Using interdisciplinary methods and multimedia, Dashal’s research will reexamine the notion of violence within this more expansive framework.

“Houseless”

Darci Pauser : Anthropology

Mentor: Professor Lawrence Cohen, Anthropology

Darci will be traveling to New York City to conduct anthropological fieldwork on homelessness. Specifically, this work will be an exploration of the way in which the discourse of choice, freedom, and resistance is utilized in the lives of those who view their homeless condition as a choice-- those Darci terms "houseless." The data collected through interviews and surveys will provide means for a comparative analysis with work she has been doing in Berkeley for the past year and a half. Along with interviews and surveys, Darci will be doing her first fieldwork in visual anthropology, taking photographs of houseless people as well as giving cameras to informants, in order to visually depict the dialectical relationship between researcher and informant. This research will culminate in a comparative analysis of houselessness and an exhibition of photographs in the Worth Ryder Gallery.

Ad Infinitum: Co-branded advertising for children's films, from Star Wars to The Incredibles

Andrew Peterson : Film

Mentor: Professor Linda Williams, Film Studies

Co-branded advertising is a movie marketing strategy allying films such as Star Wars and E.T., with brands like Burger Chef and Atari. Though film and advertising have always engaged in a mutually shameless relationship, there are many important distinctions between co-branded and conventional film advertising. In contrast to the prologue-like tone of movie trailers, co-branded advertising is presented to the spectator as a kind of hyper-utopian epilogue to the film's narrative conflict, in which "good guys" and "bad guys" alike are rewarded with consumer products. The aim of Andrew's project is to analyze and interpret this emerging trend in film advertising, using commercials preserved at the UCLA Film & Television Archive, and stored online in the AdLand database. He will focus on children's films: those most often paired with consumer products in the contemporary marketplace.

When Being Bilingual Hurts: Reminding Latino Students that Spanish is the Primary Language at Home May Hurt Subsequent Performance on a Verbal Test

Joel Portillo : Psychology

Mentor: Professor Kaiping Peng, Psychology

Latinos and Blacks score the lowest on the SAT verbal section. Considering the weight that universities give to SATs when considering admissions, the implications of these statistics are great. Research documents the negative effects of stereotype threat, a fear of confirming negative stereotypes about a group with which one identifies, on performance in standardized tests. For example, reminding Blacks of their race prior to taking a standardized test impairs their performance. While race has been widely studied, the role of a subject’s primary language at home in activating stereotype threat has been ignored. Joel’s research aims to test whether language considered “non-standard English” activates stereotype threat, thus affecting the performance of bilingual Latino subjects on a difficult verbal test. This research will help to elucidate one of the possible impediments to Latinos’ academic success, further suggesting ways to boost achievement.

The Development and Significance of Frege's Theory of Concepts

Nicholas Riggle : Philosophy

Mentor: Professor John MacFarlane, Philosophy

What is a concept? What philosophical and explanatory power should we expect from a theory of concepts? Logician, mathematician and philosopher Gottlob Frege tried to demonstrate the logicist thesis that all arithmetical theorems are purely logical consequences of the basic laws of logic and the logically defined axioms of arithmetic. During the evolution of his project, Frege developed his technical notion of a concept—a notion seemingly very far removed from contemporary theories of concepts. Nicholas proposes to work out an account of the development of Frege’s theory paying close attention to how it changes in reaction to the philosophical pressures of logicism. He hopes to both shed light on Frege’s motivation for his theory and investigate the contemporary significance of the products of a great and influential mind from the past.

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