Is There Biological Evidence for Quantum Consciousness?

Oron Frenkel : Individual Major

Mentor: Professor David Presti, Molecular and Cell Biology

Pushed aside by a tradition of Cartesian dualism, the mystery of consciousness has recently resurfaced as a problem on the cutting edge of intellectual thought. My expanded honors thesis for Systems Biology will investigate if we can better understand what consciousness is, based on processes occurring throughout the whole organism, instead of just inside the brain. I will evaluate the ability of modern theories and experiments on brain processes to account for findings outside of neuroscience that suggest consciousness to exist on an organismal level. I hope to explore alternative grounds from which to create empirical studies about how we might investigate consciousness in other organisms. In doing so, I will achieve a deeper understanding, both for the academic fields involved, and for myself, of what conditions within living systems might give rise to the phenomenon of consciousness, and to scientifically question the distinctions we have placed between humans and all other life.

International Standards for Grassroots Democracy? A Case Study of a Guatemalan Fair Trade Coffee Cooperative.

Benjamin Goldstein : Interdisciplinary Studies Field

Mentor: Professor Louise Fortmann, Environmental Science, Policy, and Management

The recent growth of the Fair Trade coffee niche market in the United States suggests that consumers are beginning to concern themselves with the social conditions under which their coffee was produced. Fair Trade coffee consumers accept that the Generic Fairtrade Standards established by the International Fairtrade Labeling Organization (FLO) provide certain de jure guarantees regarding production conditions. Yet what is the de facto situation within the coffee cooperatives? Benjamin will travel to a Fair Trade certified coffee cooperative in Guatemala this summer to investigate the grassroots application of the Standards section entitled Democracy, Participation and Transparency. Benjamin will employ a comparative analysis of the cooperative over time, focusing on pre/post FLO certification. Through extensive interviews and data collection, Benjamin intends to establish the effectiveness of international autocratic standards in the development and regulation of grassroots democracy.

Emotion Narratives in Schizophrenia

June L. Gruber : Psychology

Mentor: Dr. Ann Kring, Psychology

The primary objective of this project will be to examine the way in which patients diagnosed with schizophrenia use language to describe their subjective emotional experiences. Using a clinical interview, the Schedule for Deficit Syndrome, patients with schizophrenia will be asked to provide a brief narrative of salient emotional experiences in their lives (e.g. what makes you happy?). Trained research assistants will then transcribe and code the videotaped interview. Through the results of the study, the researcher hopes to shed light on the way in which emotion affects linguistic properties of speech in addition to enhancing our understanding of the emotional features in patients with schizophrenia.

An Analysis of Candidate Genes Involved in Neural Tube Closure during Xenopus Development

Saori Haigo : Molecular and Cell Biology/Integrative Biology

Mentor: Professor Richard Harland, Molecular and Cell Biology

The coordination of cell movement is an integral process in development, affecting morphological shape as well as cell fate specification. While the importance of this process has been long realized, the molecular regulation of cell movement remains poorly understood. Saori plans to investigate the roles of two genes, fuzzy (fy) and inturned (in), in establishing cell polarity during convergent extension movements in the early frog embryo. Convergent extension is the process by which a population of cells redistributes itself by converging along one axis, thereby elongating along the perpendicular axis. In cloning and characterizing these genes through loss and gain of function analyses, Saori aims to integrate the results she collects to build upon a developing signal transduction pathway that triggers this intricate array of movements for her seniors honors thesis in Molecular and Cell Biology.

Constructing Nature: Cultural Constructions of Nature and the Creation of the San Francisco Bay Area Landscape, c. 1940-1980

Cynthia Houng : History

Mentor: Professor David M. Henkin, History

This study seeks to understand how residents of the San Francisco Bay Area constructed definitions of Nature in the late 20th century, and how that construct in turn affected the development of the Bay Area landscape between 1940 and 1980, focusing specifically upon the construction and utilization of Bay Area parks. The dynamic interplay between designer and user reveals something of how humans relate to their environment as the park is physically adapted to shifting definitions of landscape and nature. Providing an entry point through which scholars can begin to unravel the tangles of urban ecology, the park serves as a key to unlock the greater questions of Nature and Artifice, perception and actualization. The research for this project naturally revolves around the Bay Area in the form of site studies and archival research. The project will culminate in a series of documentary photographs and a History senior honors thesis.

The Framing of Free Trade: Interest Groups, Political Punditry, and Public Opinion

Eden James : Political Science

Mentor: Professor Susan Rasky, Journalism

Eden will examine newspaper editorials and public opinion data to determine how interest groups advance and amplify specific frameworks to influence domestic discourse on the issue of free trade. This research will combine a quantitative content analysis of editorial opinion on free trade and the recent protests against it in Seattle and Quebec City along with in-depth interviews with political actors who seek to frame debate around this important issue. Within these "framing contests" on free trade, the potential for interest groups, as well as journalists, to influence public opinion is significant due to the issue’s complexity, a general lack of prominent information, and a dearth of perceived personal experience with the issue. Consequentially, this study attempts to understand how diverse interest groups shape the production of mass media "opinion leadership" and the effect its subsequent consumption has on public opinion. Research will culminate in a senior honors thesis in Political Science.

The Efficacy of International Law in Regulating Trade between LDCs and DCs

Olga V. Kotlyarevskaya : Political Science/Economics

Mentor: Professor Beth Simmons, Political Science

Olga will examine to what extent less developed countries (LDCs) and developed countries (DCs) benefited from the informal World Trade Organization (WTO) compromise in which LDCs allowed uniform regulation of intellectual property and DCs allowed uniform regulation of textiles. To do so she will compare the disputes from 1995 to 2001 between India and the United States that were referred to the WTO to those that were not. Olga will conduct archival research and interview trade officials in Washington, DC, Geneva and India. She will present her findings as her senior honors thesis in Political Science.

Fiat Lux

Debra Jeanne Kraus : Art Practice

Mentor: Professor Katherine Sherwood, Art Practice

Debra’s life experience as a caregiver to her husband throughout his terminal illness has inspired her to create an art exhibit that narrates his lifetime as a man and soldier groomed by the social effects and fears of the Cold War. Her work will investigate agent orange exposure of American soldiers who fought in Vietnam. “Fiat Lux,” will be grounded in the social understanding of artwork from the 1960s, moving forward in time to explore some of our current veteran health issues. Six multi-media sculptures, four paintings, and a video installation produced from archival films will look at a person who survived from multiple cancers over thirteen-years, and ultimately, will examine his death. Her artistic contribution is unique in that it uses Pop Art techniques of the 1960s as a lens to look at contemporary issues of the post-Vietnam landscape.

An Ethnography of Urban Paramedics

Kevi Krause : Philosophy

Mentor: Professor Laura Nader, Anthropology

Kevi is studying the work-lives of Alameda County paramedics. His objective is to describe a dynamic process by whereby social relations and culture shape the practices of the paramedic community. His work should improve our anthropological and sociological understanding of factors that influence the behavior of groups of people. Results of Kevi's research may also be useful to companies and governments that provide emergency services.

Developing an Innovative Three-Dimensional Histological System

John Junsuk Lee : Bioengineering

Mentor: Professor Tony Keaveny, Mechanical Engineering and BioEngineering

Histological analysis has been a vital technique for studying biological tissue structures for many decades now. Recent developments have allowed histologists to use fluorescent labels to visualize dynamic events such as bone remodeling. More advanced biochemical developments have expanded histological analysis to gene expression patterns, protein and mineral deposits. In spite of these advances, histology is primarily used for qualitative visual purposes (usually only in two dimensions). The product of John’s research will be a system capable of performing three-dimensional analysis including the complete reconstruction of bone tissue composition and gene expression, as they are in situ. The immediate impact will be an ability to understand the relationships between the mechanical loading and the cell/tissue response in skeletal loading models. Although this is just one specific example of the proposed system’s use, we believe that as this technology becomes more widespread, it will be a critical asset to many areas beyond bone tissue.

Tourism and Ethnic Identity: Creating the Long-Neck Karen of Northwest Thailand

Lorna Macmillan and Francisco Nanclares : Anthropology

Mentor: Professor Nelson Graburn, Anthropology

Lorna Macmillan and Francisco Nanclares propose to undertake ethnographic research that examines the shift in gender power relations among Padaung Karen refugees resulting from the influx of tourism to the Mae Hong Son province in northwestern Thailand. Their goal is to build on previous research to explore the ways in which the economic power that tourism has provided the so-called ‘long neck women’ affects their familial and communal roles. They will do ethnographic field research in Thailand, resulting in a senior honors thesis in anthropology. Macmillan and Nanclares anticipate that their findings could have implications for designing refugee policies.

Rastafari in Jamaica: Resistance to State Economic Policies

Shannon Mathes : Interdisciplinary Studies Field

Mentor: Professor Percy Hintzen, African-American Studies

Shannon will examine the effects that Rastafarianism has had on the political economy of Jamaica since the implementation of structural adjustment programs by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in 1977. Specifically, she will describe and analyze the ways in which Rastafarian organizations have challenged the policies of the Jamaican state regarding land use, land availability and small-scale agriculture in relation to the lowering of trade barriers and currency devaluation imposed by the IMF. This summer, Shannon will travel to Kingston and Ocho Rios, Jamaica to conduct archival research and interviews with members of the three main houses of Rastafari. On the basis of empirical findings concerning Rastafarian organization of material practices, her project will closely investigate the relation between political action in non-western regions and the role the organization of spirituality can assume in a political context. Shannon will present her findings as her senior honors thesis in Interdisciplinary Field Studies.

Out of Denmark: Isak Dinesen in a Colonial Context

Marie Mathiesen : English/Scandinavian

Mentor: Professor Karin Sanders, Scandinavian

Marie will examine the works of the Danish writer Karen Blixen (1885-1962), known in America as Isak Dinesen. Dinesen lived in Kenya for 16 years, and although she was a colonialist, she respected the Africans as aristocratic and noble human beings. Her position and relations to the Africans grant her a unique dual perspective on the colonial situation in Kenya creating a bifocality that also permeates her later writing on multiple levels. Investigating the colonial aspect of this duality, Marie will use postcolonial literary theory to examine selections of Dinesen’s authorship, including Out of Africa and Shadows on the Grass. This summer Marie will be studying Dinesen’s texts in both Danish and English at the reading room of the Danish Royal Library in Copenhagen. While in Denmark, she will also meet with several Scandinavian Dinesen scholars. The product of this research will be a senior honors thesis in English.

The Illusion of Inclusion: A Proposal to Investigate How Citizenships and Legal Status Shape Community Perspectives on Prison Complexes within a Small California Town

Martín Olea : Interdisciplinary Studies Field

Mentor: Professor Ruth Gilmore, Geography

This project, which will be Martin’s senior honors thesis for Interdisciplinary Studies, will explore the process through which a small town, populated mostly by farmworkers, approved the construction of carceral facilities that are detrimental to a significant portion of its population. Prisons today are of significant importance to the communities of the California Central Valley, yet rigorous debate persists as to whether this is a positive trend. This research, which will draw from key informant interviews and archival research, will try to illustrate why it is important to comprehend the motivations and justifications for this community to want to attract multiple prisons, more specifically, an INS detention facility. The question put forth here is: why does Mendota, a town whose majority is comprised of Latino farm workers, want these facilities? And how have notions of citizenship and legal status legitimized and informed the political decision-making of this small Central Valley city?

Maya Perceptions of Archeological Practice

Timoteo Rodríguez : Anthropology

Mentor: Professor William F. Hanks, Anthropology

Throughout Mesoamerica the effects of archaeological practice and the prospect of tourism on communal farmlands have caused native communities and foreign scholars to interact in roles ranging from adversarial to collaborative. A major in social/cultural anthropology, Timoteo’s project is to examine the relationships of North American archaeologists to the Maya farming communities of Chunchucmil and Kochol in rural Yucatan, Mexico. The local communal farmland is a largely unexcavated, non-touristy ancient Maya archaeological site embedded with tens of thousands of artifacts and dozens of pyramids. Archaeologists seasonally conduct research in this area and hire local farmers as archaeology labors. Simultaneously, the local communities use this land to raise cattle, hunt, and farm--often directly on the ancient ruins. Timoteo will research the question: What are the consequences of dissimilar utilizations of the same land by local farmers and foreign academics? The resulting ethnography will serve as his senior honors thesis.

Three Selves: Sexuality, Self-Censorship, and Self-Publication in the works of Virginia Woolf and Gertrude Stein

Jennifer Toole : English

Mentor: Professor Alex Zwerdling, English

Jennifer plans to write an English honors thesis that will comparatively analyze Virginia Woolf and Gertrude Stein. She is interested in how these two writers censored sexuality in their writing even though their substantial income gave them the option of self-publication. Jennifer will explore what combination of social pressures and inward conflicts led to this. By combining historical contextualization with an intense critical analysis of the published texts as well as the drafts, manuscripts, and personal correspondences drawn from archives at Yale and the University of Sussex, she hopes to reveal how Woolf and Stein internally and externally struggled when describing the body’s experience.

An Exploration of Emotional Contagion in Infants

Margaret Zvanut : Psychology

Mentor: Professor Joseph Campos, Psychology

Emotional contagion is defined as “the tendency to automatically mimic and synchronize facial expressions, vocalizations, postures and movement with those of another person.” It is a major means by which one human being comes to feel and behave in the same fashion as another, and may be fundamental to empathy and prosocial behavior. For Maggie’s Senior Honor’s Thesis in Psychology, she will study whether emotional contagion can be seen in young human infants. To conduct this research, she will videotape infants of different ages (4 to 12 months) interacting with their mother while coding the facial, vocal, and bodily expressions of the infants. Maggie’s research will shed light on the origins of emotional contagion and the purpose it might be serving for the development of attachment, social relatedness, empathy, and prosocial behavior in the infant and young child.

Creating Confessional Narration

Caetlin Benson-Allott : Comparative Literature

Mentor: Professor Charles Altieri, English

Caetlin will explore the evolution of narration in Confessional poetry in the United States during the 1950s-1960s, concentrating on such poets as Anne Sexton, Sylvia Plath and Robert Lowell. Through extensive readings in poetry, criticism, and literary and psychoanalytic theory, as well as archival research on the poets mentioned above, Caetlin plans to analyze and relate two of the key influences on Confessional narration, Modernism (the preceding poetic tradition) and psychoanalysis. Psychoanalysis, she hypothesizes, gave direction to the Confessionalists’ resistance to Modernist impersonality and thus helped make new poetic subjects and ways of speaking possible. The comparison of these two opposing influences and the effects they had on Confessional poetry will compose Caetlin’s Comparative Literature Senior Honors Thesis.

Examining Subcellular Localization of Cell Cycle Components to Determine a Better Breast Cancer Treatment

Gloria Brar : Molecular and Cell Biology

Mentor: Professor Gary Firestone, Molecular & Cell Biology

Indole-3-Carbinol (I3C) is a natural compound found in Brassica vegetables, such as broccoli and cabbage; this compound has been shown to arrest the growth of breast cancer cells in a mechanism that seems to involve several critical cell cycle proteins. Gloria's Molecular & Cell Biology Senior Honors Thesis project will investigate the changes in subcellular localization of these proteins. This data will help characterize the mechanism of I3C-induced breast cancer cell growth arrest and will be useful in evaluating the mechanisms and therapeutic promise of certain I3C derivatives. In addition, Gloria's project will help determine the potential therapeutic value of a combinatorial breast cancer treatment using I3C along with tamoxifen, the current breast cancer treatment of choice. This combinatorial treatment shows great promise, since I3C and tamoxifen together have been found to arrest breast cancer cell growth more effectively than either treatment alone. 

Silicon Valley's New Vietnamese Entrepreneurs

Tam Bui : Political Economy of Industrial Socities

Mentor: Professor AnnaLee Saxenian, City & Regional Planning

Through a combination of literature review, data analysis, and interviews, Tam's Senior Honors Thesis for her Political Economy of Industrial Societies major will examine the role that Vietnamese-American high tech entrepreneurs in Silicon Valley are playing in developing the New Economy in Vietnam. Tam will conduct a series of face to face interviews with Vietnamese CEOs, engineers, business and community leaders in Silicon Valley to determine why Vietnamese-American entrepreneurs are networking and making direct investments in Vietnam, and whether these investments are helping or hindering Vietnam's attempts to develop its technology and industry. Tam's research project, which emerges out of her academic interest and her own Vietnamese cultural background, will help policy makers understand the emerging role of highly skilled immigrants as facilitators of trade in an increasingly globalized economy.

Transcending Language: Carme Riera and Post-Franco Catalan Literature

Casey Butterfield : Comparative Literature

Mentor: Professor Emilie Bergmann, Spanish and Portuguese

Casey will examine the situation of Catalan women writers in the first generation following the death of Franco through close literary analysis of author Carme Riera's body of work and further study of her cultural reception in Spain as a feminist author using a minority language. The completed analysis will constitute her Senior Honors Thesis in the Comparative Literature major. Since little of Riera's work has been translated into English, Casey will also translate several of her short stories to offer a sampling of Riera's views and method to non-Catalan scholars. This summer, Casey will travel to Mallorca to study the Balearic dialect of Catalan that Riera uses in her work, and will conduct archival research on Riera in Barcelona at the Biblioteca Nacional de Catalunya.

Giving the Veiled a Voice: A Test of the Efficacy of International Law

Mariyam Cementwala : Political Science

Mentor: Professor Beth Simmons, Political Science

Mariyam plans to investigate whether international law helps people with disabilities in developing countries, through a case study of inclusive education (Education for All) in India. Over the last two decades, disability activists have succeeded in instituting explicit or codified international obligations, norms, standards, and binding rules about disability, through international organizations like the United Nations. Their presumption is that international law can be a tool for the translation of grandiose principles into realized services that actually better the human condition, even among the poorest and most downtrodden individuals in the developing world. In order to investigate to what extent this presumption has been borne out, Mariyam will conduct field research in India on the education of children with disabilities and will interview key individuals involved in the disability rights movement, within such organizations as the World Bank and the United Nations. Mariyam will present her findings as her Senior Honors Thesis in Political Science.

Quantification of Short TE Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopic Imaging (MRSI) from Patients with Brain Tumors

Benjamin M. Chen : Bioengineering

Mentor: Professor Sarah J. Nelson, Bioengineering

Benjamin plans to implement an algorithm for quantitative analysis of Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopic Imaging (MRSI) that will improve the specificity of the calculated levels of cellular metabolites such as choline, creatine, N-acetylaspartate and myo-inositol. This information is critical for predicting tumor type and grade, tailoring treatment protocols to individual patients, and distinguishing between treatment effects and recurrent tumors. The current method of estimating metabolite concentration is not sufficient when using acquisition parameters that give complicated spectra. A least squares method, developed by Provencher et. al., is more accurate. Benjamin will apply the Provencher method for quantification of spectra obtained from novel parameters, such as short echo time and high field strength, and extend the method for use in multi-voxel MRSI from single-voxel MRSI. The results, which will be presented as his Bioengineering Senior Honors Thesis, will have important results for the therapeutic treatment of brain tumors.

L'Enfer en Soie

Sylvan Guerveno : Music

Mentor: Professor Edwin Dugger, Music

Sylvan will compose a symphonic poem in two movements, titled "L'Enfer en Soie" (Hell in Silk), based on "L'Héautontimorouménos" (The Self-Tormenter)--a poem from the 1857 collection Les Fleurs du Mal, by Charles Baudelaire. The dualism that is present in the poem becomes, in this piece, an exploration of the pain of psychological torment, and the relief that may also come with one's own tormenting behavior. This alliance of pain and pleasure is realized in a musical texture combining unusual orchestral sonorities and music with vocal-like qualities. University Orchestra Director, David Milnes, will conduct this symphonic poem, Sylvan's Senior Honors Thesis in Music, for its first public performance at Hertz Hall, in conjunction with the Haas Scholars Spring Conference in April 2002.

The Revolution Will Not be in the Movies: Hip-Hop Film and Politics

Amarina Kealoha : Interdisciplinary Field Studies

Mentor: Professor Shawn Brixey, Art Practice

Amarina will travel this summer to New York City, the cultural birthplace of hip-hop, to investigate this contemporary musical and cultural phenomenon, focusing on the films and videos made about the genre. Her stay will involve an intensive schedule of research, interviews and live events, as well as video documentation, which will form the preliminary visual and theoretical groundwork for her final creative endeavor. The purpose of her immersion in hip-hop culture is an inquiry into the ways in which hip-hop functions as a mode of resistance. During the 2001-2002 academic school year, Amarina will focus her efforts on the hip-hop satellite cities of the Bay Area and Los Angeles. Her project will culminate in a video that expresses a complex definition of hip-hop as a cultural and political movement.

The Holy Gita: The Role of the West in India's Adoption of the Bhagavad Gita as a Holy Text

Erika Kemp : Religious Studies and South/Southeast Asian Studies

Mentor: Dr. Sally Sutherland Goldman, SSEAS

A double major in Religious Studies and South Asian Studies, Erika will be researching the influence of British colonial discourse and Oriental scholarship on the adoption of the Bhagavad Gita, a Sanskrit Hindu text of the third and fourth centuries CE, as the "Hindu Bible" during the early twentieth century. She will spend the summer in India attending an advanced Sanskrit program in preparation for her analysis of major translations and interpretations of the Gita by Western scholars produced between 1890 and 1950. Her research will focus on the major role of the Gita in the social and political movements of the early twentieth century, the influence of Western translations and interpretations of the Gita on Indian political and social leaders of this period, and the ways in which this cross cultural exchange contributed to the characterization of the Gita's holy status in Western terms. Erika will present her findings as her Senior Honors Thesis in Religious Studies.

Do Impersonal Voting Formats Change the 'Character' of American Elections?

Joseph H. Kim : Political Science

Mentor: Professor Ann Swidler, Sociology

Joseph will investigate the hypothesis, asserted by Richard M. Valelly in The American Prospect, that remote voting formats contribute to civic disengagement. For his Senior Honors Thesis in Political Science, he will interview thirty middle class Americans on their experiences with traditional and remote voting formats. The proliferation of remote voting use, along with recent concerns over America's civic health, make the issue worth considering. Secondary research will be used to develop scholarly explanations as to how the physical mechanics of voting (the way we cast a vote) impacts our understanding of citizenship (what it means to be a citizen). The completed work will be shared with participants in the Internet voting debate and other interested scholars.

Voices of Authority and Divergence: Authorship in the Anglo-Saxon Period and in the Later Middle Ages

Stanley (Toby) Levers : Comp Literature/Italian Studies

Mentor: Professor Albert Ascoli, Italian Studies

Bringing together and expanding his research on Anglo-Saxon and later medieval literature, Toby will investigate the "author function" as it appears (and often disappears) in these two periods. The starting point for his study will be a broad dissimilarity: in one period (the later middle ages), the idea of authorship is constantly obsessed over and manipulated; in the other (the Anglo-Saxon), authors remain nameless, and the identification of the narrative subject is often avoided outright. The main focus of the study, however, will be examples that do not fit into this general pattern: texts in which these two periods correspond in their use of the author function, and in their presentation of the subjective "I." A double major in Comparative Literature and Italian Studies, Toby will travel to England and Italy to conduct original archival research. The resulting study, concerning both the words of the selected texts and their material presentation, will be presented as his Senior Honors Thesis in Comparative Literature.

Intracellular Studies of the Thalamo Cortical Circuit

John Davis Long : Molecular and Cell Biology/Philosophy

Mentor: Professor Yang Dan, MCB

Philosophers and scientists alike have puzzled over the question of how we experience the visual world. A double major in Molecular & Cell Biology and Philosophy, John will take up this question from a scientific perspective for his Senior Honors Thesis in MCB. Focusing on the transmission of information between the thalamus and the cortex, he will use the electrophysiological methods of extracellular stimulation and whole-cell recording, in order to study synaptic transmission from the lateral geniculate nucleus to the input layer of the primary visual cortex in an in vitro rat preparation. Using these methods, John will be able to investigate many of the important mechanisms thought to determine our visual perceptions. The goals of his research are to rigorously analyze the interactions between those areas of the brain necessary for visual perception, and ultimately, to propose a mathematical model that describes those interactions.

Ancient Egyptian Mummy Portraits: Looking into the Faces of the Past and Present

Haley Mellin : Art Practice

Mentor: Professor Katherine Sherwood, Art Practice

An Art Practice major, Haley will paint a series of portraits using the techniques and materials found in the Fayum mummy portraits of Ancient Egypt. These portraits, created during the first and second centuries CE for burial ritual purposes, are heralded for their technical and emotive mastery. Haley will conduct fieldwork in New York, London and Cambridge, England, researching the technical aspects of the portraits by viewing eighty of the most acclaimed paintings and consulting with some of the premier researchers in this field. Studying under Greek painter Eurphosyne Dioxidis, Haley will learn the hard tool, resin binding and encaustic painting techniques that have preserved the portraits over the last 2000 years. The project will culminate in a spring exhibition of her paintings at the Worth Ryder gallery on the UC Berkeley campus. She will also produce a digital compilation of a selection of Fayum portraits, together with their methods and recipes, for reference by other artists and art historians.

Beloved: Toni Morrison's Rhetoric of Libation

Carlos Miranda : Rhetoric

Mentor: Professor Alfred Arteaga, Ethnic Studies

Carlos's interdisciplinary project, "Beloved: Toni Morrison's Rhetoric of Libation," has two aims. First, it will explore how Toni Morrison uses allegory and the West African concept of nommo to reconstruct historical representations of trauma, as well as practices of communal, cultural and self possession, in her acclaimed 1987 novel Beloved. Secondly, it will propose a literary theory that employs (but is not limited to) West African cosmologies in determining the implications of Beloved for African American communities. Following Barbara Christian's observation that Beloved is a prayer, Carlos will argue that by threading allegory and nommo, two seemingly divergent epistemological systems, Morrison's Beloved produces a cultural rhetoric of libation. As his Rhetoric Senior Honors Thesis, this project's ultimate goal is to provide literary theorists with a model that centralizes "Third World" cosmologies and epistemologies.

Digital Government: The Next American Revolution?

Daniell Newman : Political Science

Mentor: Professor Bruce Cain, Political Science

Daniell's research in the burgeoning field of eGovernment will examine the structure, implementation, and deployment issues of the use of the Internet as a tool for governance in the United States. For his Senior Honors Thesis in Political Science, he will travel to Washington D.C. and Sacramento to conduct case studies of the eGovernment plans of the State of California, US Treasury Department, and a plan created for the federal government by the Council for Excellence in Government. Daniell will determine if a combination of elements of these efforts could interwork with additional inter-system interfaces, to provide a system of digital governance accessible to all. He will also evaluate the pervasiveness of such services and the quality of access to disadvantaged classes, which will either bridge or increase the split of societal groups across the Digital Divide.

In Fear of Difference: Dissent and Anti-Individualism in the former Yugoslavia

Tiasha Palikovic : Political Science/Psychology

Mentor: Professor Ken Jowitt, Political Science

A double major in Political Science and Psychology, Tiasha will be studying how Yugoslavia's political transition out of communism has affected the region's stance toward individualism, seeking to determine whether the move toward liberal democracy has produced a genuine effort towards increasing freedom of expression. She will be testing her hypothesis that anti-individualism is a potent political tradition in this region by doing a comparative study of the treatment of dissidents by three different regimes that have held power here over the past half century: nationalists during the rule of Tito (1950-1980); black-listed journalists in the newly independent Croatia (1990-2000); and Radio B-92 and student groups such as Otpor (Resistance) in Milosevic's Serbia (1990-2000). Her research, conducted in part through fieldwork in Croatia and Serbia, will culminate in a Senior Honors Thesis in Political Science.

A Fundamental Study of Selective Catalysis in Heterogeneous Materials

Nicholas Parra-Vazquez : Chemical Engineering

Mentor: Professor Alexander Katz, Chemical Engineering

A Chemical Engineering & Material Science double major, Nicholas plans to investigate the significance of catalyst structure on a system exhibiting shape-selectivity. In the past, it has proven difficult to synthetically manipulate one catalyst feature without simultaneously altering other features. As a result, the relative importance of various structural features on catalyst selectivity remains generally unknown. By using a novel synthetic method called molecular imprinting, Nicholas hopes to achieve independent manipulation of the catalyst's structural features, thereby allowing elucidation of the mechanism of catalyst selectivity. Mechanistic information can in turn be used to optimize catalyst design, resulting in significant economic and environmental benefits in the industrial sector.

Role of Neutrophils and Cytotoxic T Lymphocytes in Cell-mediated Immunity to Listeria monocytogenes

Aida Sadikovic : Molecular and Cell Biology

Mentor: Professor Daniel Portnoy, MCB & Public Health

Aida's Senior Honors Thesis in Molecular & Cell Biology will focus on investigating the mechanisms behind the murine immune response to Listeria monocytogenes. L. monocytogenes is a ubiquitous intracellular human and animal pathogen that can spread from cell to cell via actin-based motility. Previous studies have shown that VASP-binding deficient strains of L. monocytogenes exhibit slow motility and virulence attenuation compared to wild type strains, especially in the liver during secondary murine listeriosis. She hopes to gain a better understanding of the reasons behind this tissue difference and to determine why VASP-binding deficient strains of L. monocytogenes display more pronounced virulence attenuation during secondary versus primary murine listeriosis. The results of her research, which could have important implications for the development of therapeutics against intracellular pathogens, will be presented at the American Society for Microbiology national meeting in Spring 2002.