Perceiving is Believing: Impact of Partner Perceptions of Emotion Regulation in Romantic Relationships

Current Bio: Grace is a full-time research assistant at Columbia University. Haas Scholars Project: Emotion regulation is the process by which individuals manage their emotions. A robust set of findings suggests that certain emotion regulation strategies promote well-being whereas others undermine well-being. This project will utilize romantic relationships as the social context in which to examine the effects of various emotion regulation strategies. Work related to this topic has either not considered partner perceptions or has relied on experimental paradigms that have low ecological validity. To address these limitations, Grace Allison will utilize surveys and observed relationship-specific conversations between couples to assess partner perceptions of emotion regulation and relationship quality. Enhanced understanding of adaptive and maladaptive strategies between romantic partners could have implications for life and relationship satisfaction, as well as therapy interventions. She will also compare effects across Western and Eastern cultural contexts.

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Social Science

Gendering Migration: Haitian Experiences from Brazil to Mexico

The recent economic recession and political turmoil in Brazil has driven over half of Brazil’s Haitian migrant population northbound towards the United States. This wave of over 50,000 Haitians has been met by tightening immigration policies from both the United States and Mexico, making the journey more difficult and dangerous and transforming Mexico into a country of destination. This flow of Haitian refugees is overwhelmingly male, despite the fact that women account for nearly half of the global migrant and refugee population. I hypothesize that gender and race are fundamental in understanding migration, as they determine different opportunities, risks and vulnerabilities faced in transit and upon arrival. This research seeks to understand how gender, race and class intersect and shape every stage of the migration process.

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Social Science

The Effect of CD44 and Src Kinases on the Aggressive Motility Present in Glioblastoma

Glioblastoma is the most common, malignant primary brain tumor with a median survival time of fifteen months. Single tumor cells escape surgical resection and become resistant to radiation and chemotherapy by spreading into microenvironments that support viability. Caleb is focusing on two specific proteins: CD44 (a cell-surface glycoprotein that directly links with the cell cytoskeleton) and Src kinase (involved in the upregulation of signaling pathways)both of which promote the tumors invasion. CD44 interacts with Src activity to control actin proteins that form microfilaments fundamental to cell shape, division, and motility. Caleb is determining whether CD44-mediated invasion (through direct linkage to the cytoskeleton) or Src kinase signaling is more fundamental to glioblastoma, an essential question toward deriving future therapies. Ex vivo experimentation will uncover the importance of this CD44-Src complex.

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Labor Organization within the Stripping Industry

Research suggests collective bargaining improves the unionized worker’s wages and working conditions, in addition to those of non-union status in the same field. Despite the organizing successes of San Francisco’s Lusty Lady, neither working conditions nor take home earnings for Bay Area strippers improved overall. How do these particular workers secure a better working environment and basic labor rights? This ethnographic study will utilize mixed-methods to analyze possibilities for collective action within this industry. Utilizing a comparative analysis of two cases labor organization, Raven will travel to New York to study current organization efforts and conduct an historical analysis of the successes of efforts at the Lusty Lady in San Francisco. This research intends to provide insight into the possibilities for collective organization within the ever-growing body of contract workers.

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Social Science

Phase Coexistence in Multiferroic BiFeO3

In many materials, the application of an electric field leads to a separation of positive and negative charges, inducing a polarization in the material. In ferroelectrics, such a polarization exists in the material without the application of an external field. Analogously, the alignment of electron spins in ferromagnetic materials results in a magnetic polarization in the absence of an external magnetic field. Bismuth ferrite (BiFeO3) is a rare material in which both of these states exist at room temperature and are coupled: applying an external electric field can switch the magnetization and vice-versa. Using pulsed laser deposition, Dan will synthesize ultrathin films of BiFeO3 and aims to demonstrate reversible switching between the materials structural ground states; functionality that has the potential to be used in next-generation low-power memory storage devices.

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Exploring Opiate Abuse in Rural Communities

Current Bio: Since graduation, Rebecca has been working in Research Administration for the UC system. Through this job, she has been able to assist many UC professors and researchers in securing grants and contacts funding for a variety of research projects. Haas Scholars Project: Rebecca grew up in a small town and watched the rural drug scourge destroy the young lives in her community. Now, she is using her Berkeley education to understand this phenomenon. This summer she will be traveling to rural Tuolumne County, California to do ethnographic fieldwork exploring how community attachment impacts rural youth opioid abuse. To explore this, she will be conducting a series of in-depth interviews; she will be interviewing recovering opioid addicts and public service officials. Her goal is to gain a deep understanding about why the young use drugsparticularly opioidsat such pervasive rates in small towns. She hopes to use this information for […]

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Social Science

The Experiences of Transfronterizo Students in the Tijuana/San Diego Region

Lissa grew up in Chula Vista, California, where many are transfronterizos, students and workers who live in Mexico but commute to the U.S almost daily. Nancy Wonders advances the theory of border performativity where she argues borders are not only geographically constituted, but also socially constructed via the performance of various state actors in an elaborate dance with ordinary people who seek freedom of movement and identification. Thus, border performativity points to different technologies of control such as the social construction of the illegal and the securitisation of migration. Lissas research seeks to understand how transfronterizo students engage in border performativity. She will center how transfronterizos give meaning to their every day realities through in-depth interviews that focus on the interpretations and experiences of these students as border commuters.

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Social Science

West Berkeley Shellmound, A New Perspective

Ariadna’s research project will focus on the West Berkeley Shellmound, an ancient village site that was once situated on the San Francisco Bay shoreline in Berkeley, California. Her thesis is directed toward understanding how Native American societies interacted with their environment during the last 5000 years. Research will be conducted on animal remains from the shellmound, using curated materials excavated in the early and mid-twentieth century, to understand ancient fisheries and fishing practices. Archaeological analyses of fisheries can contribute to historical baseline data relevant for conservation biology, restoration ecology, and fisheries management. As historical survey of fishes occurred after impacts to the bay, archaeological data will provide a source of historical information to understand the structure, range, and relative abundance of ancient fishes that can inform contemporary fisheries management.

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Social Science

Cultural Memory through Cold War Relics in the Bay Area

Elven anti-air Nike Missile Sites ringed San Francisco in a line of atomic protection, poised for launch at Soviet bombers that never came from 1950 to 1974. Only Nike Missile site SF-88 has been preserved in a coat of fresh paint that crowds of the curious have toured since 1974 in the Golden Gate National Recreation Area. Sebastian Herics will be tracing the cultural memory of the Cold War by comparing Nike missile sites, both preserved and left to ruin, through the eyes of the military, the city of San Francisco, and various social movements in the BayWhat does it mean to have Cold War memories both preserved and left to crumble? He will be flying to Washington D.C. for various military archives.

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Solution Processable Point-of-care Optoelectronic Device for Procalcitonin Sensing

Current Bio: Jasmine is a first year MS/PhD at Berkeley in EECS. Haas Scholars Project: One focus of point-of-care devices is to improve accessibility of essential diagnostic tools by utilizing miniaturized, accurate and low-cost optical systems. Printed organic optoelectronics are one such technology that have the potential to improve the optical sensing schemes of these systems. Because organic optoelectronics are processed in solution, they can be easily scaled for large-area manufacturing and roll-to-roll processing, leading to low-production costs. Jasmine aims to design a point-of-care device utilizing printed optoelectronics for fluorescent biomarker sensing and demonstrate the efficacy of this system on procalcitonin, which has been shown to be a useful biomarker for managing antibacterial treatment. Her goal is to demonstrate the use of printed optoelectronics for point-of-care applications as a cheap alternative to current optical sensing systems

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Investigating Magnetic Order in Metal Selenophosphates FePSe3 and NiPSe3

Since last decades discovery of graphene, scientists have searched for its magnetic cousin: a magnetic material that can be cleaved down to a single monolayer thickness. One relatively little-studied family of suitable materials is the transition metal selenophosphates, a class of layered, van der Waals-bonded semiconductor materials. Caolan aims to synthesize single crystals of two members of this family, FePSe3 and NiPSe3, in order to perform magnetization measurements in an effort to understand the role of selenium in determining the direction of magnetic ordering. These materials are exciting candidates for both fundamental research in understanding low-dimensional magnetism and magnetoelectronic device applications such as high density ultrafast magnetic storage.

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A High-Throughput Microfluidic Device for Single Cell Isolation and Analysis

Characterizing the relationship between every cell type is necessary for understanding the human body and advancing human medicine. One major technological hurdle involves the ability to isolate, manipulate, and analyze individual cells in a high-throughput fashion. Existing methods are plagued by low cell capture efficiency and limited user control. For his project, Andre aims to design, fabricate, and test a novel microfluidic device that will address these limitations. He will achieve this by incorporating a multiplex design with layered architecture and integrated elastomeric valves to enable complete isolation, imaging, and processing of single cells from any given sample. This technology will be critical for studies of rare or precious tissue samples and will contribute vitally to the larger biomedical research effort to catalog and study every cell in the human body.

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A Social History of Jordanian Communities During World War I

The centennial anniversary of World War I has generated much scholarship on large-scale atrocities against religious minority communities of the Ottoman Empire. However, historiography on the period has neglected to discuss smaller-scale religious violence that also occurred in Ottoman provinces, most notably against the Christian communities of Transjordan (1914-1916). Mathew will travel to modern-day Jordan to conduct archival research and to gather oral histories, in order to produce a narrative of the traumatic events experienced by the Christian communities of Ottoman Transjordan during the Great War. This project will further explore Christian-Muslim intercommunal relations during the Great War Period to evaluate whether community bonds prevented larger-scale atrocities. This project provides a case study that explores the adverse effects of war on the security of religious minorities in the Middle East.

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Berta Vive: A Look at the Engagement of California Hondureas in the Politics of Slain Environmental Activist Berta Caceres

Hundreds of environmental activists have been killed for defending land and natural resources in Honduras. Although Berta Cceres was one of many slain activists, she is the most renowned globally. This is largely due to her transnational coalition-building efforts and Goldman Environmental Prize recognition. Berta was an outspoken Indigenous Lenca leader and a feminist who advocated for indigenous land tenure. She spoke out against government corruption, the 2009 military coup d’tat, and U.S. interests in the country. Lulu will conduct ethnographic interviews with Honduran women living in the Bay Area and Los Angeles, California to explore transnational feminist engagement in the politics of Berta Cceres. Her work aims to elevate a California-based movement against the ongoing repression of land defenders, as well as the privatization and militarization of post-2009-coup Honduras.

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Blossoming in Knowledge Through Understanding Suppressed Roots

Previous scholarship on the topic of ethnic studies programs implementation in K-12 institutions has shown that theres been educational benefits for students who participate in the courses.In San Francisco, the implementation of ethnic studies courses in the high schools resulted in documented grade improvement, and higher education retention rates. For my research project, I will focus on George Washington High in San Francisco to better understand the processes that allowed for students to obtain higher grades, and how the curriculum influences the students relationship to academics. By 2019, all CA public high schools will be required to offer ethnic studies courses.My research project will lead to a greater understanding of the possible impacts of this new legislation on youth in public high schools in California.

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Social Science

A Search for Cosmological Signatures of the Axion

While the Standard Model of Particle Physics has been a nearly perfect model for explaining particle interactions, it has two major flaws: its inability to fix the Strong CP Problem and its failure to explain the existence of Dark Matter. To address these issues simultaneously, a new particle, the axion, has been theorized. Experimental efforts to detect this particle have already begun but since the axions mass is unknown, experimentalists are forced to search for it over several orders of magnitude in mass. Nicholas will utilize new theoretical results to study whether axions could leave an imprint on the Cosmic Microwave Background. If such an imprint exists, the axions mass could be determined based on pre-existing observations thus limiting the time it would take experiments to confirm the existence of this particle.

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Latinas in Watsonville, Mass Incarceration, and the Effectiveness of Prison Writing Projects

Nancys project will address the silences of rural Latina narratives about intrapersonal and structural violence. She will explore what happens when writing coalitions are built between incarcerated women and rural Latinas who are system impacted and at risk of incarceration. Over the summer, Nancy will interview prison writing project activists and formerly incarcerated people to learn about the effects of these projects. She will analyze writings by incarcerated women, emphasizing themes related to autonomy, resilience, and self-narration. In the fall, she will facilitate writing workshops with system impacted Latinas at Renaissance High School in Watsonville, California. By doing so, she seeks to understand the specific narratives that incarcerated and system impacted Latinas have in rural communities and how community based efforts can further meet their needs.

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Identification of Neural Circuits Coordinating Sleep and Cardiovascular Regulation

Sleep is essential for human health. In particular, insufficient or low-quality sleep causes higher risks for cardiovascular diseases. Mammals exhibit distinct rapid eye movement (REM) sleep and non-REM sleep, and non-REM sleep is associated with lower heart rate and blood pressure. However, how neural circuits coordinate sleep and heart functions remains unclear. The nucleus ambiguus (Amb), located deep in the medulla, contains cardioinhibitory cholinergic neurons. Activating Amb neurons decreases the heart rate. Mohammad will identify the sleep neurons that activate Amb cholinergic neurons using virus-mediated retrograde tracing. He will also test whether optogenetically activating these sleep neurons can decrease the heart rate. This study will uncover the neural mechanism coordinating sleep and heart functions and potentially lead to therapeutics for sleep and cardiovascular disorders.

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Silent No More: Giving Voice to the Women of Etruria

The unique visibility of Etruscan women has garnered great interest among scholars of Etruscology. That said, the status of these women in the 4th -1st century BCE, a period that witnessed the waning of Etruscan identity in the shadow of the emerging Roman Empire, has not yet been a major focus of study. Working to enhance our conception of the changing roles of women in Southern Etruria as they became assimilated into the patriarchal gender hierarchy of the Roman Republic, Micaela will be traveling to Rome to closely analyze the archaeological evidence from this transitional period, housed primarily in the Villa Guilia Museum. Her work will shed further light on these women in hopes of reaching a more complete understanding of the ancient foundations of our present conceptions of gender.

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Fighting to Not Be Forgotten: 25 Years of Femicides in Ciudad Jurez

In 1993 a wave of disappearances and murders of women living in the border city of Ciudad Jurez, Chihuahua, Mxico made news around the world. Twenty-five years later, thousands of these cases of innocent victims have not been resolved. Ral proposes to create an ethnographic documentary film as part of his Anthropology honors thesis and explore why its important for the mothers of the disappeared women to keep the memory and identity of their daughters alive. He will film in Ciudad Jurez in-depth interviews with activists, scholars, journalists, and most importantly, with the mothers of the victims. Rals film will expose through video, photography, and animation, the palpable pain of tragic loss, and the memory and beauty of these young women banished from a place where all hope is lost.

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Social Science